In November 2023, Monica Lennon MSP launched the public consultation on her proposed member’s bill to introduce ecocide law in Scotland. Although Scotland does have legislation intended to protect the natural environment and wildlife, it is argued in the consultation paper that there are gaps and that existing legislation isn’t being enforced as fully as it could be.

The stated aim of the proposed Ecocide Prevention (Scotland) Bill is to “deter mass environmental damage and destruction taking place in Scotland. It aims to protect the environment in Scotland covering all natural resources – air, water, soil, wild fauna and flora, including habitats.”

The proposed definition of ecocide in the consultation paper is: “unlawful or wanton acts committed with knowledge that there is a substantial likelihood of severe and either widespread or long-term damage to the Scottish environment being caused by those acts.”

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